Pesticides are chemicals used to kill or control pests, such as insects and rodents, as well as bacteria, fungi and other organisms. Products can be found that are used on lawns and gardens that move or crawl inside the home, especially in the air inside homes. Exposure to pesticides can cause irritation to the eyes, nose and throat, damage the central nervous system and kidneys, and increase the risk of cancer. Symptoms due to pesticide exposure may include headache, dizziness, muscle weakness, and nausea.
If chemicals need to be used, use only recommended amounts, mix or dilute pesticides outdoors or in an isolated, well-ventilated area, apply to unoccupied areas, and dispose of unwanted pesticides safely to minimize human exposure. Always consider alternative methods other than pesticides, follow label instructions carefully, use as few as possible, and seek urgent medical attention in case of pesticide poisoning. Allergic effectsSome people develop a reaction after being exposed to a certain pesticide, a process known as sensitization. These effects include asthma, skin irritation, and irritation of the eyes and nose.
Not everyone develops allergies; however, some people seem to be more sensitive than others to chemical irritants. Most pesticide poisonings come from contact with pesticides for weeks, months, or years, and not from using them just once. People may not get sick from pesticides until many years later. In adults, it may take 5, 10, 20, 30 years or more to get sick due to regular exposure.
The time it takes for a disease to develop depends on many factors. In children, it usually takes less time. Pesticide disease can start in a baby before it is born, while the mother is pregnant and in contact with pesticides. Airway and seizure control should be established before considering gastrointestinal decontamination.
Therefore, it is important to know both the type of pesticide you are using and the signs and symptoms associated with pesticide poisoning. For example, more than 95 percent of all pesticide exposures come from dermal exposure, mainly to the hands and forearms. Some studies focused mainly on interference with estrogen and androgen receptors, but hormonal function can be altered in many more ways through exposure to pesticides that can alter the hormonal function of the female reproductive system and, in particular, the ovarian cycle. By Intent, MPI Initiates to Overcome Deficiencies Associated with Indiscriminate Application of Pesticides.
Chronic effects are illnesses or injuries that persist for long periods of time and may not appear until several years after exposure to a pesticide. An effective strategy to address pesticide pollution in the domestic environment should begin with an assessment of the magnitude of the problem, however, pesticide monitoring programs are scarce, particularly in developing countries. Pesticide products considered moderately toxic (toxicity category II) must have the warning words WARNING and WARNING (their Spanish equivalent) on the product label. Applicators may have little or no control over the availability of low-toxic products or the toxicity of specific formulated products.
As mentioned above, the hazard or risk involved in using a pesticide depends both on the toxicity of the product and the amount of exposure to the product (Hazard% 3D Toxicity x Exposure). Whenever any object, such as clothing, containers, or equipment, is contaminated with pesticides, dispose of or clean it thoroughly and separately. The list is not representative of all symptomatic poisonings because it only shows cases reported to poison control centers. Acute toxicity of a pesticide refers to the ability of the chemical to cause injury to a person or animal from a single exposure, usually of short duration.
Table 2 shows typical precautionary tips used on pesticide labels to describe both allergic and acute effects. Numerous case reports and case series present several serious congenital abnormalities combined following occupational or accidental exposure of pregnant women to pesticides. Insect control with insecticides can result from pest death or preventing them from engaging in behaviors considered destructive. .